UN-Oceans: Interagency coordination mechanism on ocean and coastal issues within United Nations system: http://www.unoceans.org

UN: Oceans and Law of the Sea: Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea-DOALOS: http://www.un.org/depts/los/index.htm

UNCLOS: United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea: 10 December 1982, Montego Bay-Jamaica: the Convention entered into force on 16 November 1994: http://www.un.org/depts/los/convention_agreements/convention_overview_convention.htm > http://www.un.org/Depts/los/convention_agreements/texts/unclos/closindxAgree.htm >>> A Constitution for the Oceans: http://www.un.org/depts/los/convention_agreements/texts/koh_english.pdf >>> The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (A historical perspective): Oceans and Law of the Sea, Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea: http://www.un.org/depts/los/convention_agreements/convention_historical_perspective.htm > http://www.un.org/Depts/los/index.htm >>> International Law Commission: http://www.un.org/law/ilc/ >>>>> Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, 1973-1982 (eleven sessions): http://untreaty.un.org/cod/diplomaticconferences/lawofthesea-1982/lawofthesea-1982.html > Chronological lists of ratifications of, accessions and successions to the Convention and the related Agreements as at 03 June 2011: http://www.un.org/Depts/los/reference_files/chronological_lists_of_ratifications.htm#Agreement relating to the implementation of Part XI of the Convention

ONU IMO: International Maritime Organization: Specialized Agency of the United Nations: London-United Kingdom: http://www.imo.org/Pages/home.aspx

IPCC: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: international scientific body for the assessment of climate change: it was established by the United Nations Environment Programme-UNEP and the World Meteorological Organization-WMO: the UN General Assembly endorsed the action by the WMO and the UNEP in jointly establishing the IPCC: IPCC, c/o WMO-World Meteorological Organization, Geneva-Switzerland: http://www.ipcc.ch/ > http://www.ipcc.ch/docs/MOU_between_UNEP_and_WMO_on_IPCC-1989.pdf

ICES / CIEM: International Council for the Exploration of the Sea/Conseil International pour l’Exploration de la Mer: International scientific community, 1600 scientists from 200 institutes linked by an intergovernmental agreement –The ICES Convention: ICES, Copenhagen-Denmark: http://www.ices.dk > ICES Convention 1964: Convention for the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea: 12 September 1964: http://www.ices.dk/aboutus/convention.asp > http://www.ices.dk/aboutus/TheCopenhagenDeclaration.asp

IOC: Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO: established in 1960 the IOC promotes international cooperation: UNESCO/IOC/LOS-Law of the Sea is the set of activities of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission-IOC of UNESCO assisting member states in the implementation of Parts XII and XIV in addition to Article 76, of the United Nations Convention of the Law of the Sea-UNCLOS: http://www.ioc-unesco.org/ >>> IODE: the Programme International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO-IOC was established in 1961: world data centres: http://www.iode.org

IOCCP: International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project: the IOCCP is part of the Global Climate Observing System-GCOS: IOCCP is co-sponsored by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission-IOC of UNESCO and the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research: http://www.ioccp.org/ > http://www.ioc-unesco.org/

GOOS: the Global Ocean Observing System: United Nations & UNESCO: GOOS is the oceanographic component of GEOSS, the Global Earth Observing System of Systems: GOOS is sponsored by IOC, UNEP, WMO AND ICSU: GOOS, Paris-France: http://www.earthobservations.org >>> http://www.unep.org/ > http://www.wmo.int > http://www.icsu.org/

GEO-Group on Earth Observations: GEO is a voluntary partnership of governments and international organizations: GEO’s members include 87 Governments and the European Commission, 64 intergovernmental, international, and regional organizations with a mandate in Earth observation or related issues have been recognized as Participating Organizations: GEO is coordinating efforts to build a Global Earth Observation System of Systems or GEOSS: GEO is constructing GEOSS on the basis of a 10 Year Implementation Plan for the period 2005-2015: GEO Secretariat, (c/o World Meteorological Organization) Geneva-Switzerland: http://www.geosec.org > http://www.earthobservations.org/documents/10-Year%20Implementation%20Plan.pdf >> GEO Portal: http://www.geoportal.org > OGC-Open Geospatial Consortium: GEOSS Pilot: http://www.ogcnetwork.net

IDLOS: International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea: is an independent judicial body established by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to adjudicate disputes arising out of the interpretation and application of the Convention: 162 States Parties to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea: the Tribunal came into existence following the entry into force of the Convention on 16 November 1994: IDLOS, Hamburg-Germany: http://www.itlos.org/

ISA: International Seabed Authority: is an autonomous international organization established under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and the 1994 Agreement: the Authority came into existence on 16 November 1994, upon the entry into force of the 1982 Convention: ISA headquarters, Kingston-Jamaica; Office of the permanent Observer for the International Seabed Authority to the United Nations, New York-United States of America: www.isa.org

UNDP: Water and Ocean Governance: http://www.beta.undp.org/undp/en/home/ourwork/environmentandenergy/focus_areas/water_and_ocean_governance.html

GEF: Global Environment Facility, independent financial organization established in 1991: 182 member governments-in partnership with international institutions, civil society organizations-CSOs and the private sector- to address global environmental issues: the GEF partnerships include 10 agencies > UNDP, UNEP, world Bank, FAO, UNIDO, the African development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Inter-American Development Bank, the International Fund for Agricultural Development: GEF Secretariat, Washington DC-USA: http://www.thegef.org


First United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, 24 February – 27 April 1958, Geneva-Switzerland: http://untreaty.un.org/cod/diplomaticconferences/lawofthesea-1958/lawofthesea-1958.html

Second United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, 17 March – 26 April 1960, Geneva-Switzerland: http://untreaty.un.org/cod/diplomaticconferences/lawofthesea-1960/lawofthesea-1960.html

Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea [1973-1982 (eleven sessions)] 10 December 1982 Montego Bay-Jamaica: http://untreaty.un.org/cod/diplomaticconferences/lawofthesea-1982/lawofthesea-1982.html

UN-Oceans 1: Global Conference on Oceans and Coasts with a focus on Oceans and Coasts at Rio+10: Toward the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development, Johannesburg, December 3-7 2001, UNESCO, Paris-France: http://www.globaloceans.org/content/global-conferece-2001

UN-Oceans 2 : Global Conference on Oceans, Coasts and Islands: Mobilizing for Implementation of the Commitments made at the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development-WSSD, November 12-14, 2003, UNESCO, Paris-France

UN-Oceans 3rd Global Conference on Oceans, Coasts and Islands: January 23-28, 2006, UNESCO, Paris-France.

UN-Oceans 4th Global Conference on Oceans, Coasts and Islands: Advancing Ecosystem Management and Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management in the Context of Climate Change, April 7-11, 2008, Hanoi-Vietnam: http://www.thew2o.net/goc2008/

UN-Oceans: GOC 2009: World Ocean Conference, Manado-Indonesia 11-14 May 2009, Ministerial High Level Meeting: Manado Ocean Declaration: http://www.cep.unep.org/news-and-events/manado-ocean-declaration

UN-Oceans 5th GOC 5: Global Oceans Conference 5, May 3-7, 2010: UNESCO, Paris-France: http://goc2010.org/


The Ocean Policy Summit (TOPS) 2005: International Conference on Integrated Ocean Policy: National and Regional Experiences, Prospects and Emerging Practices, October 10-14 2005, Lisbon-Portugal: http://www.iisd.ca/sd/tops2005/ > http://www.globaloceans.org/sites/udel.edu.globaloceans/files/ymbvol117num1e.pdf

International Symposium on Effects of Climate Change on the World’s Oceans, May 19-23, 2008, Gijón-Spain: http://www.pices.int/meetings/international_symposia/2008_symposia/Climate_change/climate_background_3.aspx

Second International Symposium on Effects of Climate Change on the World’s Oceans, 15-19 May 2012, Yeosu-Korea: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department: is convened by PICES, ICES and IOC: http://www.pices.int/meetings/international_symposia/2012/Yeosu/sci_program.aspx > ICES: ICES / CIEM: International Council for the Exploration of the Sea/Conseil International pour l’Exploration de la Mer: http://www.ices.dk > IOC: Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, One Planet, One Ocean: established in 1960 the IOC promotes international cooperation: http://www.ioc-unesco.org/


GEF WATER: 6th GEF Biennial International Waters Conference, October 17-20, 2011, Dubrovnik-Croatia ; 5th GEF Biennial International Waters Conference, October 26-29, 2009, Cairns-Australia ; 4th Biennial International Waters Conference, 31 July - 3 August 2007 Cape Town-South Africa ; Third GEF Biennial International Waters Conference, June 20-25, 2005, Bahia-Brazil ; Second GEF Biennial International Waters Conference, September 24-29, 2002, Dalian-China ; First GEF Biennial International Waters Conference, October 14-18, 2000, Budapest-Hungary: http://iwlearn.net/publications/misc/forums/IWC_2000_summary.doc/view > http://iwlearn.net/abt_iwlearn/events/iwc


Global Forum OCI-Global Forum on Oceans, Coasts and Islands was created at the World Summit on Sustainable Development-WSSD in Johannesburg-South Africa in September 2002: http://www.globaloceans.org/ >> Strategic planning 2006-2016: http://www.globaloceans.org/content/strategic-oceans-planning-2016 >> http://oceaninfopack.worldoceannetwork.org

Ocean Info Pack & World Ocean Network: information and tools for a Citizenship of the World Ocean: http://oceaninfopack.worldoceannetwork.org/ >>> Global Forum OCI-on Oceans, Coasts and Islands: http://oceaninfopack.worldoceannetwork.org

WOC: World Ocean Council: International Business Alliance for Corporate Ocean Responsibility: is a cross-sectoral industry leadership alliance on Corporate Ocean Responsibility: non-profit project under the ‘fiscal sponsorship’ of the Trust for Conservation Innovation-TCI: TCI is a non-profit tax-exempt 501(c)(3) organization under the rules of the US Internal Revenue Service: the WOC will become an independent non-profit non-governmental organization registered in the US and the UK: http://www.oceancouncil.org >>> SOS-Sustainable Ocean Summit, the first international, cross-sectoral ocean sustainability conference for the private sector: Belfast-UK, 15-17 June 2010, Conference Report: World Ocean Council-WOC: http://www.oceancouncil.org/site/pdfs/SOS%202010%20Report-FINAL.pdf

W2O: World Ocean Observatory: Programs, World Ocean Directory, World Ocean Radio: W2O, Boothbay Harbor-USA: http://www.thew2o.net

World Ocean Network: Secretariat c/o NAUSCAÁ Centre National de la Mer, Boulogne-Sur-Mer-France; Réseau Ocean Mondial is an international non-profit association, c/o ECSITE, Brussels-Belgium : http://www.worldoceannetwork.org

IISD International Institute for Sustainable Development: IISD Canada: www.iisd.org > http://www.globaloceans.org/sites/udel.edu.globaloceans/files/GOC3IISDENBReport.pdf

UN Atlas of the Oceans: http://www.oceansatlas.org/

World Oceans Day: http://www.un.org/depts/los/reference_files/worldoceansday.htm

IWCO: The Report: The Ocean Our Future, Independent World Commission on the Oceans, 1998, Chairman, Mario Soares, December 1998: Lisbon Declaration. The United Nations established the Commission in 1995 and to present a report to the United Nations during 1998, the International Year of the Ocean (ocean governance).

EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE PARTNERSHIP : ESSP-Earth System Science Partnership: http://www.essp.org/ ; DIVERSITAS-international research programme: http://www.diversitas-international.org/ ; IGBP: http://www.igbp.net/ ; IHDP-International Human Dimensions Programme on global Environmental Change: http://www.ihdp.unu.edu/ ; WCRP-World Climate Research Programme: http://www.wcrp-climate.org/

GETF: GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT & TECHNOLOGY FOUNDATION: nonprofit organization: Washington DC-USA: http://www.getf.org/ > Water and Sanitation: http://www.getf.org/our-focus/water-sanitation/ > Clean Energy & Climate Change: http://www.getf.org/our-focus/clean-energy-climate-change/

IW LEARN: INTERNATIONAL WATERS LEARNING EXCHANGE AND RESOURCES NETWORK: is the Global Environment Facility’s-GEF International Waters Learning Exchange and Resources Network: IW:LEARN Project management Office (global), c/o UNDP Bratislava-Slovakia; UNEP/IW LEARN c/o UNEP, Nairobi-Kenya; GEF-Global Environment Facility Secretariat, Washington DC-USA; UNDP, New York-USA: UNEP, UNDP, World Bank: http://iwlearn.net