UN DSD ESA: United Nations Division for Sustainable Development; Department of Economic and Social Affairs: > UN ESA DSD: Major Agreement & Conventions:

UNEP: United Nations Environment Programme: Nairobi-Kenya: > UNEP IEG International Environmental Governance:

UNCED: United Nations Conference on Environment and Development: AGENDA 21, EARTH SUMMIT 1992: UN Conference on Environment and Development 1992, Rio de Janeiro: UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Division for Sustainable Development: >

UNFCCC: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 1992: > Text of the Convention: > Clean Development Mechanism:

GEF: Global Environment Facility:

WMO: World Meteorological Organization: working together in weather, climate and water: WMO is a specialized agency of the United Nations: WMO contribute to achieving the MDGs in collaboration with partners, in particular with respect to MDGs 1 (eradicate extreme poverty and hunger) and MDGs 7 (Ensure environmental sustainability): WMO, Geneva-Switzerland: > > > > >

WCRP: World Climate Research Programme: Water, Energy and Climate: WCRP c/o World Meteorological Organization: WCRP, Geneva-Switzerland: >

IPCC-Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Secretariat: WMO & UNEP: c/o World Meteorological Organization: Geneva-Switzerland:

IEA: International Energy Agency: is an autonomous organisation, 28 member countries: > >> worldwide engagement for sustainable energy strategies:


Conférence des Nations Unies sur l´Environnement Humain, Stockholm 1972 ; Our Common Future, Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development-WCED, published in 1987, Brundtland Report ; Conférence des Nations Unies sur l´Environnement et le Développement, Rio de Janeiro 1992 –Agenda 21; Convention-Cadre des Nations Unies sur les Changements Climatiques CCNUCC, Rio 1992 ; UNFCCC/COP Conference of the Parties, Berlin 1995, The Berlin Mandate, Protocole de Kyoto À la Convention – Cadre des Nations Unies sur les Changements Climatiques, Kyoto 1997, Nations Unies 1998 ; Sommet Mondial sur le Développement Durable Johannesburg 2002 ; Kyoto Protocol, Accra Report 2008; The United Nations Climate Change Climate Summit in Copenhagen, December 2009 ; RIO + 20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development Rio de Janeiro-Brazil 2012.

ONU COP [Conference des Parties des Nations Unies est l’organe directeur/supreme des certaines conventions internationales].

CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES TO THE UNITED NATIONS CONVENTIONS (COP: Conference of the Parties; CMP/MOP-serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol-: Meeting of the Parties): COP 18 MOP8, 2012 ; COP 17 CMP/MOP7, 2011, Durban, South Africa ; COP 16 CMP/MOP6 2010, Cancun, Mexico ; COP 15 CMP/MOP5 2009, Copenhagen, Denmark ; COP 14 CMP/MOP4 2008, Poznan, Poland ; COP 13 CMP/MOP3 2007, Bali, Indonesia ; COP 12 CMP/MOP2 2006, Nairobi, Kenya ; COP 11 CMP/MOP1 2005, Montreal, Canada ; COP 10 2004, Buenos Aires, Argentina ; COOP 9 2003, Milan, Italy ; COP 8 2002, New Delhi, India ; COP 7 2001, Marrakech, Germany ; COP 6 2001, bis Bonn, Germany ; COP 6 2000, The Hague, Netherlands ; COP 5 1999, Bonn, Germany ; COP 4 1998, Buenos Aires, Argentina ; COP 3 1997, The Kyoto Protocole on Climate Change ; COP 2 1996, Geneva, Switzerland ; COP 1 1995, The Berlin Mandate: > >


Multilateral Environmental Agreements: different sources: relations WTO and MEA rules, the DOHA mandate on MEA’s: > > >>>> UNEP, negotiating and Implementing MEA’s, A Manual for NGO’s: > UNEP, Division of Environmental Law & conventions MEA’s: >> IISD Linkages: MEA Bulletin: >>>>>


UN Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, New York, 9 May 1992: > > > Status of Ratification of the Convention: > > Text of the Convention: > Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto 11 December 1997: > > Amendment to Annex B of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Nairobi, 17 November 2006: > > >>> UN TREATY COLLECTION: > League of Nations Treaty Series: > UNTS, United Nations Treaty Series Online Collection: > > UN International Law:

UNCCD United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification: 1993 – 2011 > COP, Conference of the Parties; CRIC; COP/CST; CST; INCD:

Convention-cadre des Nations Unies sur les Changement Climatiques: UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE: UNFCCC OR FCCC is an international treaty produced at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development-UNCED; informally know as the Earth Summit, Rio de Janeiro, 1992:

Convention des Nations Unies sur la lutte contre la Desertification-CLD: >

Convention on Biological Diversity:

COP Convention on Tobacco Control:

COP Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Crime and the Protocol Thereto:

COP Meeting of the Conference of the Contracting Parties: Ramsar convention:

Basel Convention, Controlling Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal:

The Vienna Convention for the protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocole; UNEP, Ozone Secretariat for the Vienna Convention and for the Montreal Protocol:

COP Stockholm Convention protecting human health and the environment from persistent organic pollutants:

COP Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for certain Hazardous Chemical and Pesticides in international trade:

CONVENTION & DECADE UNDB CBD-United Nations on Biodiversity, CBD-Convention on Biological Diversity: The CBD was signed at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1992 and entered into force in 2993: CBD Secretariat, Montreal-Canada: CBD Convention on Biological Diversity: > THE CONVENTION: ; CARTAGENA PROTOCOL on Biosafety: > NAGOYA PROTOCOL on Access and Benefit-sharing:

United Nations Decade on Biodiversity, 2011 -2020: Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity: Montreal-Canada: >


United Nations Decade for Desert and the Fight against Desertification: Partners, UNCCD, UN, UNDP, UNEP, IFAD: Inter-Agency Task Force on UNDDD, UNDDD Secretariat, Bonn-Germany:


GLOBAL GOVERNANCE is a joint research programme of thirteen European research institutions : the Global Governance Project is endorsed by the Earth System Governance core project of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change-IHDP: >

The Participating Institutions in the Global Governance Project: Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam ; Free University Berlin ; Fridtjof Nansen Institute ; University of Bremen ; Sciences Po Bordeaux ; German Development Institute ; IHEID Geneva ; LSE ; Lund University ; Oldenburg University ; Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research ; Vrije Universiteit Brussel ; Wageningen University: >

Earth System Governance Project: The Earth System Governance Project is a core project of IHDP: the Earth System Governance Project is a social science research network in the areas of governance and global environmental change:

ESSP: Earth System Science Partnership of four international global environmental change research programmes [ESSP: DIVERSITAS + IGBP + WCRP + IHDP]: the ESSP was launched at the Amsterdam conference in 2001: ESSP Office, c/o DIVERSITAS, Paris-France: >

DIVERSITAS: Diversity (Latin word): DIVERSITAS, international Secretariat, c/o Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris-France: DIVERSITAS Phase I: 1991-2000: was established in 1991 by three international organisations, the UNESCO, the SCOPE-Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (secretariat: c/o UNESCO), IUBS-International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS Secretariat, Université Paris Sud XI, Paris-France): the goal of initiative was to developed an international non-governmental umbrella programme for research projects ; DIVERSITAS Phase II: 2001-2010: An International framework for biodiversity science ; DIVERSITAS Phase III: 2011-2020: Biodiversity and ecosystem services sciences for a sustainable planet: > DIVERSITAS partners: > DIVERSITAS > >

IGBP: International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme: IGBP is sponsored by the International Council for Science-ISCU; IGBP is part of the Earth System Science Partnership-ESSP: > ESSP:

WCRP: World Climate Research Programme: WCRP/World Meteorological Organization-WMO, Geneva–Switzerland: the WCRP is sponsored by the World meteorological Organization, the International Council for Science-ICSU and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO-IOC:

IHDP: is a joint programme of the International Council for Science-ICSU, the International Social Science Council-ISSC and the United Nations University: the IHDP Secretariat is hosted and administered by UNU at the United Nations Campus in Bonn: IHDP Secretariat, Bonn-Germany:

ICSU: International Council for Science: is a non-governmental organisation with a global membership of national scientific bodies, 121 members representing 141 countries and Scientific Union’s 30 members: ICSU Global Secretariat, Paris – France: Regional Offices: Africa, ; Asia and the Pacific, ; > Latin America and the Caribbean:

ISSC: International Social Science Council: ISSC/CISS UNESCO: Paris-France: ISSC Programs, World Social Science Forum & World Social Science Report:

UNU: United Nations University: the Academic Arm of the United Nations: UNU Headquarters, Tokyo-Japan: > UNU Institutes: >

Global Land Project: ESSP, DIVERSITAS, IGBP, IHDP and WCRP: Global Land Project is funded and hosted by the University of Copenhagen; GLP is a joint research agenda of IGBP and IHDP:

CCAFS-CGIAR: Challenge Program “Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security” [10-year research initiative] is a major collaborative endeavor between the Consultative Group on International Agriculture Research-CGIAR and their partners and the Earth System Science Partnership-ESSP:

Planet under Pressure, International Conference focusing on solutions to the global sustainability challenge, London March 2012: organized by the four Global Change Research programmes: DIVERSITAS + IGBP + WCRP + IHDP: >

ECOLEX: Gateway to Environmental Law: is information on environmental law, operated jointly by FAO, IUCN and UNEP:

CIESIN Center for International Earth Science Information network: Earth Institute, Columbia University: >